Gorkha district is located 140 km northwest of the capital of Nepal. Gorkha district is 120 km from Pokhara, the main city of Nepal, and 64 km from Narayanghat and Chitwan. The land area within the district is 65.2% in the Himalayas, 25.7% in the central hills and 10.1% in the rivers.
The latitude of this district is 27 15′-2815 ‘north and the longitude is 84 27’ -8585 ‘east. Total area: 3610 sq km (345600 ha), environment: 05 centigrade to 27 centigrade. The culture of this district is Hindu, Muslim, Buddhist and some Christian. The population of this district is 288134 (134407 males and 153727 females) as per the census of BS. Main Mountains: Manaslu 8163 min. Himachali 7893 min. Ganesh Himal 7429 min. Nyagdi Chuli 7871 min. Buddhist Himal 6672 m. Shringi Himal 7187 m. In eighteen century of Nepal was fragment on different kingdom as “22th-24th kingdom” King Prithvinarayan Shah took the mammoth of unification that fragment kingdoms. And brave Gorkha solders ultimately came to success to make greater Nepal. Provoke of Nepal is “If no justice, go to the Gorkha”. King Ram Shah was very popular justice of Gorkha in that time.
Gorkha district is very promising from the point of view of tourism development due to its historical, religious, cultural, natural and biological diversity. Politically, it is divided into two constituencies, four provincial constituencies and seven local constituencies. This Gorkha district covers an area of 3610 sq km. On the basis of land utilization, 15.43% of the agricultural area, 31.21% of the forest area, 16.49% of the grazing area and 36.87% of the land area is occupied by snow, rock and rivers.
From the confluence of the Marshyandi and Trishuli rivers to Triveni (228 m) to Manaslu Himal (8163 m), the beautiful perimeter of the Faliya, the temperate climate from (Sub-Tropical) to Lekali (Alipine), the biodiversity found in the climate, Chutim, Bhoti There are diverse cultures of Ghale, Magar, Tamang, Kumal, Chepang, Baram, Damai, Kami, Chhetri, Bahun and other castes.
Historical and religious sites: There are religious sites including Manakamana Bhagwati, Gorakhnath Baba, Kalika Bhagwati, Rajan Monastery, Chhekam Monastery. And historical places like Ligligkot, Majhkot, Upallokot, Tallokot, Ajirkot, Bunkot, Takukot are in Gorkha district.
Similarly, Gorkha district is also a tourist destination due to the historical heroes like Dravyashah, Ramshah, Prithvinarayan Shah, Bahadur Shah, Kalu Pandey, Bhimsen Thapa, Lakhan Thapa, Gajeghale. Gifts given by geographical nature: Mountains, lakes, rivers, forests, animals, hillsides, Fallses, Tarvesi, valleys can attract tourists to Gorkha district.
The three main rivers are Budhi Gandaki, which originates from the confluence of Larke Gyala Bhanjyang, Daraundi, which originates from Naradkund at Rupinala Bhanjyang at the foot of Baddha Himal, and Chependi, which originates from Dudhkund, southwest of Buddha Himal. The beautiful landscape and rocks created by these rivers have great potential for water tourism in Gorkha district.
Apart from this, the Syarkhola flowing through the Chum valley also merges with Budhigandaki after reaching Sirdiwas. As there are innumerable rapids in Budhigandaki, which joins the Trishulin River at the bottom, adventure water tourism can attract tourists.
Glaciers important from a tourist point of view include the Larke Glaceier Samdo and the Pungen Glacier (northeast of Manaslu near Samagaun) overlooking Lake Bhanjyang. There are glaciers etc. up to an altitude of about 2000 meters towards the pass area. Apart from this, Virendra Lake (Samagaun at an altitude of 3640 m), Chosong Lake (Chhekampar at an altitude of 400 m), Kaltal (Prok at an altitude of 3500 m), glacial lakes like Hinang Lake, Naradpokhari, Dudhpokhari and other ponds and Ranipokhari (in the district headquarters). The potential for tourism development has increased. These lakes are also considered important for wildlife observation.
Kharkhande Falls (Edge of Budhigandaki river), Liding Naudi Khola Falls (near Lapuvesi) Swayakhola Falls (near Chhetepok monasteries) Chutahakhola Falls (near Prok gaon)
Above Sirdiwas are the old 7 VDCs of Nubri Upatyaka, Kutang area and Chum Upatyaka built by Budhigandaki and Syarkhola The cultural, religious and historical heritage of the new Chumunubri village municipality has enhanced the tourism potential of the Manaslu region. The three Buddhist regions, also known as Kyimolung, Khemajung and Khembulung, were conceived by the famous religious guru Padmasambhava. Of these, Kimolung covers the Manaslu region of Nepal and the most secluded sacred land in western Tibet. Within a radius of about 30 km, the Kimolung area of Faliya, in a clockwise direction, passes through Chhekampar, passes through Filim, Sirdiwas, Dang, Vihi, Prok, Namrung, Lho and Samagaun, and reaches Samdo, entering China’s territory of Tibet.
The Manaslu region is considered to be very important in terms of tourism due to its unique Tibetan culture, sacred pilgrimage sites, and monasteries of historical and archeological importance, Chhorten Manis, unique costumes, food and rituals. The importance of this region has also increased as the culture and rituals of this region are in line with the Tibetan culture. In the Manaslu area alone, 79 monasteries, 141 mains, 237 stupas and 304 kanis have been recorded.
Apart from the tropical to naval climate, the two beautiful valleys of the Himalayas, the Nubri and Chum valleys and the perimeter of the valley have added to the tourist attraction of Gorkha district. Covered with White Mountains and bordering the Tibetan Plateau, these two valleys are important for their biodiversity and culture. The snow chains and peaks around the beautiful Nubri and Chum valleys are as follows.
The festivals of Losar (Tibetian new year) Nyungne, Buddhapurnima, Tirahanne (To hit) and Lama /Sherpa dance (Chyam), horse race, Saka Dhawa, Tamang dance etc. are considered as special festivals of this region. Tourists have the opportunity to take part in local rituals, pujas, blessings with lamas, lama dances, group dances, serving traditional food to the neighbors, wearing colorful costumes, observing horse riding and various food activities. Monasteries are considered important for Buddhi st lama philosophy, spiritual philosophy, meditation and worship, and dance. Regionally and culturally, after the old 7 VDCs in the Manaslu region, the culture of a village municipality can be divided into three section, namely Nubri, Kutang and Chum. The culture and rituals of the Bhotia community in the Lho and Samagaun areas of the mouth of the Budhigandaki River, west of Chum Gaonpali, are also known as Nubri culture. The language of this community, which is in tune with Tibetan culture, is also very similar to that of Western Tibetan. Known as the Bhotia Lama, this community’s rich culture and traditions such as costumes, food, festivals and monasteries are seen as a special attraction for tourists. The people of this area, which falls under the Nyingmapa kineage, worship the Lama with the utmost respect. The important Pugen Gumba (Sama 3820 m) and the Karjuchholing Gumba (near Manaslu Weskam) in the Kamolung area are famous. It is said that Milarepa meditated in a cave near Samagaun in the 12th century.
The people of this area, which falls under the Nyingmapa kineage, worship the Lama with the utmost respect. The important Pugen Gumba (Sama 3820 m) and the Karjuchholing Gumba (near Manaslu Weskam) in the Kamolung area are famous. It is said that Milarepa meditated in a cave near Samagaun in the 12th century.
The people of this area, which falls under the Nyingmapa kineage, worship the Lama with the utmost respect. The important Pugen Monastery (Sama 3820 m) and the Karjuchholing Monastery(near Manaslu Weskam) in the Kamolung area are famous. It is said that Milarepa meditated in a cave near Samagaun in the 12th century.
In the past, the practice of polygamy existed, but nowadays it is disappearing. In this area, it is also considered important for the treatment of amygdala. Yak and Chauri, Bhenda, Changra woolen handicrafts made from them such as Bakkhu, Radi, Pakhi, Jhola etc. are found as the main symbols of this region. Animal Husbandry and Milk Based Enterprise Activities and Herbal Collection are additional tourist attractions in the region. From the tourist point of view, the main caves are Sita Cave (Solar Water), Siddha Cave (Lakhanthapa Cave, Bakreswar), Fuh Cave (Chhekampar 3097 m).
Bunkot village, the birthplace of Lakhan Thapa, who was martyred in 1932 BS (1877 BS), is located 10 km east of the district headquarters. Observing Lakhan Thapa’s birthplace and home and the materials he used and meeting and interacting with his descendants can be important for domestic tourists. There is a saying that Lakhanthapa had raised 2,000 people against the Rana ruler at that time and prepared 2,000 troops to fight Jung Bahadur. He was later arrested and tortured to death. There is a memorial of the first martyr Lakhan Thapa in this place.
The birthplace of Bhimsen Thapa, who made an important contribution to the unification of modern Nepal and also the birthplace of Pipalthok and other associated properties, as well as the historical heritage of Bhim Bireswar Mahadev, including the Sattal Patipowwa gardens he built in Namjung and Borlang.
Gorkha district is very promising from the point of view of tourism development due to its historical, religious, cultural, natural and biological diversity.